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فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ يَعِشْ مَنْكُمْ بَعْدي فَسَيَرَى اخْتِلاَفًا كَثِيْرًا ، فَعَلَيْكُمْ بِسُنَّتِي وَ سُنَّةِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِيْنَ المَهْدِيِّيْنَ ، عَضُّوا عَلَيْهَا بِالنَّوَاجِذِ

The Development Of Classical Islamic Science History

Saturday, March 27, 2010 , Posted by Rendy Adam Fitriadi at 3:04 PM

According to Ibn Khaldun, the meaning of history is one of knowledge sector which learned by various nation and generations widely. In natural History, contained terms of observation and seeking the truth. In Depth information about the cause and etymology of object form then about a knowledge of substantion, essention, and the causes of the incident. A History make us understand about everything and the origin of the nations, a history can make us know about biography, historical trace, the wisdom of early leaders. Then we get a perfect methods to solve a problems about religion and the world

The history of Islam proofed that muslim scholars give a big contribution in science world, although they are not famous like a western scientist. In the middle age of muslims scientist such as Ibn Sina with his famous book called Qanun fi attib (the Canon) it's the main inspirator of medical science western revival, Till now avicenna alias of Ibn Sina (750-1450 AD) still phenomenal. In the internet we can find a site about a live and his idea. Besides that, in Islam we know many finders from Muslim, such as gravity finder-Al Biruni, the father of political sosiology-Ibn Khaldun, science of chemistry finder-Jabbir Ibn Hayyan, the father of Parasitology science and Tracheotomy pioneer, Compass and navigator finder, The Father of Algebra and Geography-Al khawarizm, The Father of Surgery and Hemophilia finder, Technique of photography, Optics, Solar energy finder-Ibn Haitam, Histiology pioneers-Ibn Rusyd, discoverer of blood circulation and lungs-Ibn Nafis. But they are rarely mentioned, if we asked to student “Who is the finder of blood circulation?”, they will answer “William Harvey”

Study it's a must for every muslims, according to Al-Qoran, whoever high in knowledge, God (Allah) will placing him to the highest paradise. When Allah teaching Adam about the names of all an objects in the world, Allah commanded angel (malaikah) to prostate to Adam (the prophet), At the day of tomorrow, will weighed between “clergy ink” and shahid blood, and a “clergy ink” is heavier than shahid blood.

In a phase nobel history since 100 years ago, that muslims just get a four nobel, such as:

1.The Egypt President: Anwar Sadat in 1978
2.Egyptian Literature: Nahgib Mahfudz in 1988
3.Abdus Salam
4.Egyptian Scientist: Ahmad Zuaeli

Anwar and Naghib receive a nobel of literature and peace, Abdus Salam get a Phsycs nobel, then Ahmad Zuaeli get a chemistry nobel.

Nobel is awards which initiated by Alfred Nobel (1833-1896), since 1901 the nobel it's for five science, such as chemistry, phsycs, literature, economics, and peace. A scientist who receive this nobel is the most influental people in science world.

Before we talk about Muslim scientist, t's good we know about what the breakthrough since caliph Rashidun era, Bani Umayyad and Abassid. Talk about Muslim scholars, it's related to the leader, a leaders and caliph is who facilitated science development, if a leader realize that knowledge its most important, then a knowledge will developing. Recorded, caliph of Harun Ar-Rasyid,  Al-Makmun, they are from bani Umayyad whom give a big contribution in science development

Harun Al-Rasyid are one of the caliphs who exploited national treasure to built a hospital, medical institution, in thas periods muslim only have 800 doctor. Caliph Harun Al-Rasyid built a library called  Khizanat al-Hikmat, and in Al-Makmun ages the names changed to Baynt al-Hikmat (9 B.C). In Al-Makmun ages, this caliph employing  Muhammad Ibn-Musa Al-khawarijmi in Algebra and Astronomyto managed  Baynt al Hikmah (a big library), Baynt al Hikmah is the place for translation Phylosophy books author by Galen, Aristotle and the Pleteau, in this place we can found an observatorium to studying Astronomy.

The top of Bani Abbas government it's happen at the age of caliph Harun Al-Rasyid and his son caliph Al-Makmun. This age called Golden Age Of Islam. In 800s Baghdad become a Metropolitan City and the main City of Islam, an EconomicTrade Center, Political Center, and the number of population reaching more than one Million people. As the great King in that periods, only Great Karel (742-814 B.C) who can be his rival.

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