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فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ يَعِشْ مَنْكُمْ بَعْدي فَسَيَرَى اخْتِلاَفًا كَثِيْرًا ، فَعَلَيْكُمْ بِسُنَّتِي وَ سُنَّةِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِيْنَ المَهْدِيِّيْنَ ، عَضُّوا عَلَيْهَا بِالنَّوَاجِذِ

The Music Composer

Saturday, April 3, 2010 , Posted by Rendy Adam Fitriadi at 12:21 PM

All this time, we only know that the reliable composer is like Mozart, Bach, or any other composers. Besides, before that Islam has given a genius musicians: Al-Farabi, the real name is Abu Nasr Muhammad Ibnu Muhammad Ibnu Tarkhan Ibnu Uzlaq Al Farabi. He was born in 874 A.D (260H) in Transoxia Wasij located in the Region of Turkey. His father was poor army, but all that did not prevent him to study in Baghdad. Why in Baghdad, this is because in those days all the sciences are gathered in Syria or Iraq.

After living in Iraq, Al Farabi decided to move to Damascus, before continuing his trip to Halab. While there, he was humble in the palace of Saif al-Daulah with four dirhams a day's salary. This led him to live in a state that completely lacked. Although Al-Farabi was an ascetic, but he was not an expert  of Sufism. He is a scientist who was quite famous in that day. He is capable of  the various languages.

If we talk about his expertise in music, his songs leave an impression so directly to the listener, Besides having the ability to play music, he also has created an art that later became the identity of the Arabs, that is a lute music.

But the ability of Al-Farabi's not just that. He also have a deep knowledge in medicine, science, mathematics, and history. And he is a scientist of philosophy. Moreover,  his prowess in Islamic philosophy can overcome other experts such as Al-Kindi and Ibn Rushd.

In the field of music, his largest donation in history is a book containing the teaching and Islamic music theory : Al-Musiqa. Just so you know, this book is still considered to be the most important music books in the field of music worldwide. You see, Al-Farabi is said that first put the basics of musical notes and everything which associated with modern music today.

As a bona fide scientist, Al-Farabi also shows the trend resulted in several studies in the medical field. Although he is studies in this field does not make it famous, but his views had a substantial contribution to the development of medical science in his day.

Al-Farabi have a very Qanaah (simply) character, not greedy of wealth and the world. He is prefer to concentrating in knowledge than worldly wealth. That is why Al-Farabi living in poverty, and he was died in 950 A.D (339H).

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