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فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ يَعِشْ مَنْكُمْ بَعْدي فَسَيَرَى اخْتِلاَفًا كَثِيْرًا ، فَعَلَيْكُمْ بِسُنَّتِي وَ سُنَّةِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِيْنَ المَهْدِيِّيْنَ ، عَضُّوا عَلَيْهَا بِالنَّوَاجِذِ

Art In Islam

Thursday, March 25, 2010 , Posted by Rendy Adam Fitriadi at 10:04 PM




In phase of history, we can say that the people always ask about what  a meaning of art form. The philosophers, since Greece age until now has provided various definition of what is an art,  in this time we try to explain one of many definition that we can take.


Van Hoeve in Encyclopedia page 3080 and 3081 explain about the definition of arts, an arts it's a beautiful sense in a human soul to communicate what their feelings that can be catch by sense of hearing (sing), vision (painting), and motion (dancing or drama)


Music is a form of arts which related with instruments and rhythm. This arts form can't be seperated with a methods how to create some note. Besides that, music arts divided into a two kind such as vocals music (singing) and instrumentalia.


Music can be combined between an arts of instrumentalia and vocal musics (read:singing). Instrumentalia is sound arts that can be played with instruments, but the vocals music is an toning the rhyme only with voice/vocals without music instruments.


Music In Islam History


Generally, Arabian are music talented especially vocals (sing) music. In Hijaaz we can see people played music with flute, tambourine, lute, drum and others, thats called IQA Musics


After arabs embracing Islam, their music talent is more growing with new soul and spirit. When the Prophet (PBUH) alive and Hijaaz became a political center, the music development not to be reduce.


In many Hadeeth book we can find a source about music in an early of  Islam ages, for examples, in hadeeth Imam Ahmad narrator by 'A'isha ra (See Sahih Bukhari Hadith No. 5162, TARTĪB Musnad Imam Ahmad, Volume XVI, pp. 213. See also: Ash-Syaukani, Nail-UL-AUTHĀR Volume VI, pp. 187):


(أَنَّهَا زَفَّتِ امْرَأَةً إِلى رَجُلٍ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ (ص): يَا عَائِشَةُ مَا كَانَ مَعَكُمْ مِنْ لَهْوٍ فَإِنَّ الأَنْصَارَ يُعْجِبُهُمُ اللَّهْوُ


mean:


“he (the prophet) ever marry off between a women and a man from anshar, the prophet (PBUH) said: 'O A'isyah is there no show (singing perfomance)? Actually anshar people love the show'”


Music Theory Author


1.Ibn Misjah (d. 705 AD).
2.Yunus ibn Sulaiman al-Khatib (d. 785 AD). He is the first author of music in Islam. His musical books have very high value, so that many authors from European refer to him.
3.Khalil ibn Ahmad (d. 791 AD). He is a writer of notes and rhythms theory.
4.Ishak bin Ibrahim al-Mausully (d. 850 AD). He is a writer of  music book titled “Kitab-ul-ALHAN WAL-ANGHĀM (Not Books and Rhythm)”. He is well known as IMAM-UL-MUGHANNIYĪN (King Singer).






Music Education In Islamic States


Besides the creation many music books at the end of the Umayyad Daula. At the time, Caliphs and other officials give a big concern in the development of music education. (See Prof.. Hasmy A., History of Islamic culture, pp. 320-321).


Many music schools founded in Islamic countries in various cities and regions, there is intermediate and high level schools.  Sa'id 'Abd-ul-Mu'min (d. 1294 AD) is the one who success established a music school. One of the reason why in the Daula 'Abbasids founded many music school that is because requirements to be able to work in the palace and tycoon was able to sing and play music


This is a list name of male and female singers:


Male singers:


1. Ma'bad.


2. Al-Kharīd.


3. Two brothers Hakam and 'Umar al-Wady.


4. Fulaih ibn Abi 'Aura,


5. Siyāth.


6. Nasyīth.


7. Ibrahim al-Mausully and his son Isaac al-Mausully.


Female singers:


1. Neam (Caliph Ma'mun palace singer).


2. Bazel and substance-ul-Khal (Caliph Harun al-Rashid palace singer).


3. Basbas (Caliph al-Mahdi palace singer).


4. Habhabah (Caliph Yazid I favourite singer), and


5. Sallamah (Khlīfah Yazid II palace singer).

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