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فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ يَعِشْ مَنْكُمْ بَعْدي فَسَيَرَى اخْتِلاَفًا كَثِيْرًا ، فَعَلَيْكُمْ بِسُنَّتِي وَ سُنَّةِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِيْنَ المَهْدِيِّيْنَ ، عَضُّوا عَلَيْهَا بِالنَّوَاجِذِ

The Development Of Science 3 (End)

Thursday, April 1, 2010 , Posted by Rendy Adam Fitriadi at 12:28 PM



If we talk about Islamic science and their development, that can not be seperated with the caliph Rashidun concern. They give a big contribution for a science, including Phylosophy and Religion. Below, before we talk about one Muslim scholar who contributed in development of the science, we’ll see a flashback of leadership from the start time of Caliph Abu until the times of Bani Umayyad and leadership Abasiyah.

The First Four Caliph History


1. Caliph Abu Bakr (11-13H/632-634 AD)
2. Caliph Umar Bin Khattab (13-23 H / 634-644 AD)
3. Caliph Utsman Bin Affan (23 -35 H/644-656 AD)
4. Caliph Ali Bin Abu Thalib (35-40 H/ 656-661 AD)


Bani Umayyad AGE (40 H - 132 H)


1. Caliph MUA'WIYAH Ibn Abi Sufyan (40-60 H/661-681 AD)
2. Caliph Yazid Ibn Muawiyah (60 to 63 H/681M-684 AD)
3. Caliph Yazid Ibn Mu'awiyah (63 to 64 H/684-685 AD)
4. Caliph Marwan ibn HAKAM (64 to 65 H/685-686 AD)
5. Caliph Abdul Malik Ibn Marwan (65 to 86 H/686-707  AD)
6. Caliph Al-Walid Ibn 'Abd malik (from 86 to 96 H/707-717  AD)
7. Caliph Sulaiman Ibn 'Abd Malik (96 -99 H/717-720 AD)
8. Caliph Umar Ibn 'Abd AZIZ (99 - 101H/720 -722 AD)
9. Caliph Yazid Ibn 'Abd Malik (101 to 105 H/722-726 AD)
10. Caliph Hisham Ibn 'Abd Malik (105-125 H / 726-746 AD)
11. Caliph Walid ibn Yazid (125 - 127H/746-748 AD)
12. Caliph Walid ibn Yazid (127 to 127 H/748 – 748 AD)
13. Caliph al-Walid ibn IBRAHIM (127 to 127 H)
14. Caliph Marwan ibn Muhammad (127 to 132 H/748-753 AD)


Bani Abbasid Age


1.    ABU ABBAS AS-SAFFAH (132-136 H/753 -757 AD)
2.    ABU JA’FAR AL-MANSHUR (136 – 158 H/757 – 779 AD)
3.    AL-MAHDI (158 – 169 H/779-790 AD)
4.    MUSA AN-NADI (169 – 170 H/790 – 791 AD)
5.    HARUN AR-RASYID (170 – 193 H/791 – 814 AD)
6.    MUHAMMAD AL-AMIN (193 – 198 H/ 814 -819 AD)
7.    ABDULLAH AL-MAKMUN (198 – 218 H/819 – 839 AD)
8.    AL-MU’TASHIM (218 – 227 H/839 – 848 AD)
9.    HARUN AL-WATSIQ (227 – 232 H/848 – 853 AD)


Muslim Scholars


1. Ibn Musa Al-Kaharizmi (149H/770 -219/840 F) discovering Algorithm  And Algebra, living in the     
    days of Bani Al-Ma'mun  Abassid  (813-833 AD)

2.Muhammad  Zakariya al-Razi (225H/846-304/925 AD) Pioneers Modern medicine, the time of Caliph al-Mansur (754 to 775 AD, and Aaron  Ar-Rashid (w.809 AD) to the Caliph al-Ma'mun (813-833 AD)

3. Al-Mawardi (386 H/975 ad- 1037 AD) ISLAMIC POLITICAL SCIENTISTS originator. Famous as
    reviewers Syafii school,


4. Ibn Haitsam (354 H/965 AD-431/1038 AD) Optical Science inventors.


5. Jabir Ibn Hayyan (721 to 815 H), Chemical Science inventors


6. Ibn Sina (360 H/981 AD), father of modern medicine.


7. Imam AT-Tabari (225H/839 AD-310H/923 AD) Father of Islamic Modern History.


8. Abu AL-Bakri Ubay,  greatest geographers XI century.




9. Al-Battani (858 AD) Astronomy, inventor of the earth around the center of the solar system  in 365 days, 5 hours, 46 minutes and 24 seconds.

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